How is paper made?


The raw material used in paper manufacturing is wood pulp. In Brazil short fiber eucalyptus pulp is used, owing to its high productivity and good adaption to the country’s climate.


The procedures involved in growing and felling eucalyptus seek the best possible use of the wood and the efficient use of energy, as well as respecting the environment and the local communities. The papers produced by International Paper do Brasil come from 100% renewable forests and are certified by Cerflor (the Brazilian Forestry Certification Program, coordinated by INMETRO).


Paper manufacturing begins at International Paper’s Forestry Technology Center, which researches raw material productivity and quality. Criteria are followed in planting cuttings that guarantee the best conditions for the plants to develop in.


After being felled, the wood is stripped, chopped into chips, and goes through various industrial processes. One of the main procedures involves cooking the chips and reducing them to a pulp. Afterwards, this pulp is bleached.


Next, water is added to the pulp and the mixture pulverized using a screen made up of sheets. The format and weight of the paper are defined in this process. The next step is drying and pressing, so that the sheets are suitably uniform and of the correct thickness.


When ready the white paper is cut into sheets or rolled on spools to be sold. In the case of the printing paper line Chambril, the process ends at the spools. In the cut paper lines Chamex, Camequinho and HP, the spools continue the process, passing through cutters, where the sheets will be standardized in a format and weight specific to each brand.


What are the main differences in International Paper’s products?


International Paper do Brasil’s products are made using modern, sustainable technology that confers a high standard of quality on them. Its production chain is certified by Cerflor – the National Forestry Certification Program – managed by Brazil’s Metrology, Regulation and Industrial Quality body (Inmetro) – and the raw material comes from planted and renewable forests.


In Brazil International Paper supplies lines of cut paper for commercial and domestic use, chief amongst them the market-leading Chamex brand, and Chambril, which is used in printing and offset conversion.


The Chamex brand is split into Multi, Office, Super and Colors papers, guaranteeing top performance in the most varied usages.


Chambril papers provide high productivity and excellent printability, combining strength and uniformity, which are essential features in guaranteeing the best results in printing.


What are environmental certifications? Is International Paper certified?


Environmental certification is managed by organizations that provide instructions and norms so that a certain product is made in a sustainable manner, without damaging the environment. Certified companies are constantly being evaluated and get a seal that proves the origin of the product.


International Paper has a Global Policy that establishes the criteria and principles to be followed to guarantee operational and environmental excellence. The certification the company has achieved underpins its environmental, social and economic commitment.


In Brazil International Paper has the following certification: 

  • ISO 14001 - Forests in the Mogi Guaçu and Luiz Antônio regions.
  • ISO 14001 – Luiz Antônio mill.
  • ISO 9001 - Forests in the Luiz Antônio region.
  • ISO 9001 – Mill in Mogi Guaçu and in Luiz Antônio.
  • Cerflor (NBR 14789) - Forests in the Mogi Guaçu and Luiz Antônio regions.
  • Cerflor (NBR 14790) – Mill in Mogi Guaçu and in Luiz Antônio. 


Why does International Paper in Brazil use eucalyptus in pulp and paper production?


Pulp and paper makers in Brazil use planted and renewable eucalyptus or pine forests exclusively.


IP uses eucalyptus fiber as raw material because of the competitive and environmental advantages it offers, such as:

  • high operational efficiency 
  • high productivity
  • low production cost
  • higher yield from less wood and chemical additives
  • greater pulp production


What is the benefit of eucalyptus over other species in producing pulp?


The main benefit is the reduced area of planted area. One hectare planted with sugarcane, for example, produces 10.6 tons of biomass (derivatives from living organisms used in the production of fuel) a year, whilst one hectare planted with eucalyptus generates 23 to 25 tons of biomass in the same period. So, to produce the same quantity of biomass from sugarcane at least twice the planted area would be needed than for eucalyptus. Furthermore, planting renewable forests contributes to capturing CO2 from the atmosphere.


In Brazil wood extracted from planted pine forests is also used as a source of pulp. Pine, however, is more commonly used in the production of long-fiber pulp, which is the raw material used in the manufacture of packaging. Eucalyptus is used to get short fibers, which are used in printing and writing paper.


Does planting eucalyptus degrade and dry out the soil?


Water consumption by eucalyptus plantations is within the consumption band for other forestry species. According to data from the Brazilian Association of Planted Forest Producers (ABRAF), eucalyptus uses less water than coffee and sugarcane crops, and produces more biomass per quantity consumed than other common crops in Brazil.



Do the forests planted by International Paper contribute to the destruction of tropical forests native to Brazil?


International Paper does not use native forests to produce paper. All the raw material used by the company comes from sustainable planted and renewable eucalyptus forests, always respecting the environment and Brazilian environmental legislation.  Planted eucalyptus forests, in addition to contributing to the capture of CO2 from the atmosphere, reduce the pressure on native forests and so help conserve nature.


In Brazil IP has 102,000 hectares of forested area, of which 72,490 hectares are planted and renewed forests that will be felled, and 24,100 hectares are native forests to be conserved. The renewable eucalyptus forests are planted in areas that are regulated and approved for this purpose by Brazilian law. It management practices are sustainable and certified by the National Forestry Certification Program (Cerflor), regulated by Inmetro, and internationally approved by the Program for Endorsement of Forestry Certification (PEFC).


Does International Paper comply with environmental legislation in the country?


The paper and pulp industry in Brazil is a worldwide reference point in productivity and sustainability, and International Paper, in addition to complying with the current environmental legislation in the country, has its own norms with which to protect the environment, the company, and its employees. The planted eucalyptus forests and production processes at International Paper are regulated by Inmetro, according to criteria established by the Brazilian Association of Technical Norms (ABNT) and are certified by the National Forestry Certification Program (Cerflor). 


Is International Paper’s recycled paper better for the environment than the paper which is certified to have been produced with 100% virgin fiber?


In Brazil the composition of recycled paper is not regulated. There are products sold as recycled in which less than 1% of the pulp is recycled.


The manufacturing processes for white paper and recycled paper are very similar, and include all the care necessary to guarantee environmental conservation and to control the impact caused by the production chain. The two production processes are differentiated basically in the preparation of the pulp.


In white paper the pulp is made of 100% virgin fiber. In the case of recycled paper the pulp contains fiber from the processing of paper scraps. In the manufacture of recycled paper the scraps go through several processing, treatment and purification stages, which extract impurities and dyes from the paper.


Therefore, the recycled paper production process involves additional costs and procedures. In the manufacture of white paper, however, all the procedures and stages are integrated in one environment, which guarantees the eco-efficiency of the process.


The lack of information has created erroneous perceptions about white and recycled paper production. This is because the sustainability of paper production is not limited to recycling and involves issues such as the consumption of water and energy.


Do International Paper’s professionals have exchange opportunities outside Brazil?


Yes. Through an internal program International Paper offers professionals opportunities for international experience, to swap knowledge, integrate into a new culture, to grow and face challenges.


Do women have opportunities in the industrial and forestry areas at International Paper?


International Paper seeks to offer its professionals the same opportunities, beginning with recruitment and hiring, training and development, salary compensation, transfers, promotion and all the other conditions and privileges, without any kind of discrimination against color, religion, sex, sexual preference, marital status, age of ethnicity.


Are there opportunities for the physically disabled at International Paper?


International Paper aims promote diversity and to develop a culture that promotes an environment of trust and accessibility where everyone can develop their potential.


What is required to be an IP supplier?


Upon entering into partnerships with new suppliers, International Paper assesses various requirements. In hiring services, IP takes into consideration whether the company is up-to-date with its labor obligations, taxes, and whether it complies with legislation corresponding to the activities it is involved in.


For chemical product suppliers legal aspects are assessed and technical visits are made to the company’s installations.


All suppliers are reassessed periodically by International Paper, according to the activities carried out.


To become an IP supplier, contact Customer Services: + 55 19 3861 8931. 

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